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Basic Fact Sheet | Detailed Version Detailed fact sheets are intended for physicians and individuals with specific questions about sexually transmitted diseases.
Detailed fact sheets include specific testing and treatment recommendations as well as citations so the reader can research the topic more in depth.
There is currently no commercially available vaccine that is protective against genital herpes infection. Correct and consistent use of latex condoms can reduce, but not eliminate, the risk of transmitting or acquiring genital herpes because herpes virus shedding can occur in areas that are not covered by a condom. Guidance on management of asymptomatic neonates born to women with active genital herpes lesions.
The surest way to avoid transmission of STDs, including genital herpes, is to abstain from sexual contact, or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested for STDs and is known to be uninfected.
Thus, it is important that women avoid contracting herpes during pregnancy.Daily treatment with valacyclovir decreases the rate of HSV-2 transmission in discordant, heterosexual couples in which the source partner has a history of genital HSV-2 infection . Freeman EE, Weiss HA, Glynn JR, Cross PL, Whitworth JA, Hayes RJ. Such couples should be encouraged to consider suppressive antiviral therapy as part of a strategy to prevent transmission, in addition to consistent condom use and avoidance of sexual activity during recurrences. Fanfair RN, Zaidi A, Taylor LD, Xu F, Gottlieb S, Markowitz L. Herpes simplex virus 2 infection increases HIV acquisition in men and women: systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Generally, a person can only get HSV-2 infection during genital contact with someone who has a genital HSV-2 infection.However, receiving oral sex from a person with an oral HSV-1 infection can result in getting a genital HSV-1 infection.
In addition, having genital herpes increases the number of CD4 cells (the target cell for HIV entry) in the genital mucosa.